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The Long War Ahead and the Short War Upon Us
Reference Online Appendix


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Below are references for all quotations (given with first and last words separated by ellipses, pagination based upon the page on which the first word appears) in the book, plus a few references for specialized data of particular note. All cases and statutes, as well as the federal Constitution and the Federalist Papers, plus treaties and international conventions (Geneva, etc.), are available online, by "Googling" titles or, in the case of statutes, the exact chapter and section of the United States Code (U.S.C.). Because online links can change or become inoperative, "hotlinks" are not given in the reference notes. Queries not answered in the notes can be addressed to <LongShortWar@Discovery.org>.

Prologue (Pages 9 - 12)
9 - "You...you." Attributed unsourced maxim.
11 - "incompatible...it" quoted in Stephens, Bret, "The NIE Fantasy," Opinion Journal (Dec. 11, 2007).

Introduction (Pages 13 - 24)
13 - "Let...suicide." Aron, Raymond, On War, p. 59 (1968 ed.).
16 - "Morality...coward." Bowman, James, Honor: A History, p. 37 (2006).
17 - "Do...killing." Peters, Ralph, Fighting for the Future: Will America Triumph?, p. 46 (2001).
The Road to 9/11 (Pages 25 - 44)
25 - "The...humankind." Laquer, Walter, The New Terrorism, pp. 4 - 5 (1999).
35 - "Yes...years....freedom...bottom." Wright, Lawrence, The Looming Tower, p. 47 (2006).
36 - "[T]here...patience." Scheuer, Michael, Imperial Hubris, pp. 18-19 (2005).

The Reformation Values War (Pages 45 - 70)

45 - "You...ours." Quoted in Steyn, Mark, America Alone, p. 193 (2006).
49 - "As...together." Phillips, Melanie, Londonistan, p. 53 (2006).
51 - "have...society." "London Mayor Defends Muslims as Bomb Plot Foiled", Yahoo UK & Ireland News, 6/30/07.
52 - "[T]here...negotiation." Londonistan, p. 88.
52 - ""We're...absurd." Pruden, Wesley, "A Late Education in the West", Washington Times (online ed. 7/10/07).
55 - "disturb...Islam." Bawer, Bruce, While Europe Slept: How Radical Islam Is Destroying the West From Within, p. 165 (2006).
55 - "If...respected." "Europe's Epitaph", Washington Times (online ed. 7/3/07).
55 - "Who...anyway." Hitchens, Christopher, "Londonistan Calling", Vanity Fair. P. 88 (June 2007).
56 - "not...culture." Bawer, While Europe Slept, p. 179.
58 - "vast...Islam...was swords" Bottum, Joseph, "Benedict Meets Bartholomew", The Weekly Standard, p. 14 (Dec. 11, 2006).
58 - "Pope...patience." Id.
58 - "We...live in. Steyn, Mark, America Alone, p. 3 (2006).
59 - "2030...over." While Europe Slept, p. 33.
59 - "September...changed." America Alone, p. xv.
61 - "Unfortunately...religion." Jewish Woman Taking Over at Arabic language School", New York Sun (online ed. 8/14/07).
63 - "a...Syndrome" America Alone, p. 203.
64 - New York Times v. Sullivan, 376 U.S. 254, 270 (1964).
64 - "fighting...peace." Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire, 315 U.S. 568, 572 (1942) (Goddamned racketeer" and "damned fascist").
64 - "One...lyric." Cohen v. California, 493 U.S. 15 , 25 (1971) ("fuck the draft").
64 - "territory...insult" Ali, Ayaan Hirsi, "An Honor Worth Defending", AEI (online ed. 6/26/07), quoting Nigerian playwright Wole Soyinka.
64 - "slaughtered...lamb". "Al-Qaeda Offers Reward for Cartoonist's Death", ABC News (9/16/07).
64-65 - "We...treatment." Id.
66 - "We...world." Schwartz, Stephen, "Troubling Roots; How Did Islamic Radicalism Grow in Guyana?", The Weekly Standard (online ed., 6/7/07).
67 - "There...quickly." Colebatch, Hal C. B., "Muslims and Assimilation", The American Spectator (online ed. 9/6/06).
67 - "There...exist." Statement of Australian PM John Howard, August 24, 2005. Reported by Free Muslims Coalition, Press Corner (online ed. 8/30/05).
68 - "the...publicity." Speech to the International Conference on "Islam and Muslims in the World Today (July 10, 2007).
68 - "In...enemy." America Alone, p. 208.
68 - "Will...Islam?" Jerusalem Post, Jan. 29. 2007.
69 - "franchise operation". America Alone, p. 63.
69 - "Identity politics" & ""Modern...groups." "Identity and Migration", Prospect Magazine, Issue 131 (Feb. 2007).
69 - "The...citizenship" & "they...are." Id.
70 - "What...advantage?" While Europe Slept, p. 161. (Emphasis in original.)

The Law Values War (Pages 71 - 112)
73 - "The...it." Quoted in Schapiro, Leonard, Russian Studies, p. `195 (1987).
75 - "The...mercy." Address to the U.S. Naval Academy, Oct. 9, 2001.
76 - "What...obtain." Congressional Record, S10548 (Oct. 11, 2001).
76 - "The...official." Congressional Record, S10993 (Oct. 25, 2001).
76-77 - "Those...safety." Pennsylvania Assembly: Reply to the Governor, November 11, 75 - The Papers of Benjamin Franklin, ed. Leonard W. Labaree, vol. 6, p. 242 (1963).
77 - "Perhaps...abroad." Quoted in Moynihan, Daniel Patrick, Secrecy (Yale University Press 1998).
78 - "We...evil." McCain Statement on Detainee Amendments (McCain Website, Oct. 5, 2005).
79 - "win...values" & "In...win." Interview, Fox News (by Steve Doocy), Aug. 17, 2006.
79 - "By...government." Sharansky, Natan, The Case for Democracy, pp. 209-210 (2004).
79 - "the...planet." Cuculu, Gordon, "Gitmo's Good Work", New York Post, online ed., 1/16/07.
82 - "The...interrogation." Posner, Richard, Not a Suicide Pact: The Constitution in a Time of National Emergency, p. 83 (2006).
82 - "[Mistreatment]...next." McCain Statement on Detainee Amendments (McCain Website, Oct. 5, 2005).
83 - "swift and effective retribution". Quoted in Johnson, Julie, Abduction Renews Hostage Policy Debate in U.S., New York Times (online archive, Feb. 28, 1988).
84 - "Hama Rules." Friedman, Thomas, From Beirut to Jerusalem, p. 76 (1989).
86 - "I...none." Quoted in Yoo, John, War By Other Means, p. 95 (2006).
88 - Network calling figures were calculated from statistics collected by the Federal Communications Commission, the Progress & Freedom Foundation and the Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association.
91 - "However...us." Zawahiri's letter to Zarqawi was dated July 9, 2005. The full translated text was released October 11, 2005 by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
95 - "The...wrong." Quoted in Leo, John , "Brawley Case of the South", The New York Sun (online ed. 8/10/07).
95-96 - All Blair quotes: Address by Prime Minster Tony Blair to Reuters, London, June 12, 2007.
98 - "loved...U.S." & "win...stage." Stephens, Bret, "Public Diplomacy for Dummies", Opinion Journal (online ed. 7/10/07).
98 - "The...god." President Roosevelt Address to the Congress of the United States, December 8, 1941.
99 - "[I]t...communicate." Lord, Carnes, Losing Hearts and Minds: Public Diplomacy in the Age of Terror, p. 34 (2006).
101 - "Experience...understanding." Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1928) (dissenting opinion).
102 - "Crime...threshold." Yoo, John, War By Other Means, p. 9 (2006).
103 - "Incitement...punishable." Posner, Richard, Not a Suicide Pact, p. 105 (2006).
108 - "This...war." Reuters (online ed., 8/31/07).
112 - "don't...again." Ashcroft, John, Never Again, p. 130 (2006).

The Law-Giver Values War (Pages 113 - 136)
115 - "Compatible...jurisdiction." See p. 289 of the Citadel Press, Fifth Paperback Ed., 1970.
116 - "We...final." Brown v. Allen, (concurring opinion) 344 U.S. 443, 540 (1953)
116 - "We...is." Speech before the Chamber of Commerce, Elmira, New York (May 3, 1907)
118 - "unusually...pain." "U.N. Convention Against Torture (CAT): Overview and Applications to Interrogation Techniques", p. 2, CRS Report for Congress, updated Jan. 25, 2006.
118-119 - "No...torture." Id., p. 3, citing Article 4 of the U.N. Convention Against Torture.
120 - "Once...action." Fleming, Ian, Goldfinger (1959).
121 - "I...hours?" quoted in War by Other Means, p. 191.
121 - "A...citizens." Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, (majority opinion) 540 U.S. 507 (2004).
122 - "Let...court." Never Again, pp. 195-196.
123 - "Unless...nature." ACLU v. NSA, Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief, para. 29, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Michigan, Southern Division (Jan. 17. 2006). The hearings were chaired by Idaho Democrat Frank Church, and are often referred to as the Church Committee hearings.
126 - "a...Albany." McCarthy, Andrew C., "Military Judge Dismisses Commission Charges Against Omar Khadr", National Review (online ed. 6/05/07).
127 - "As...11...." Quoted (emphasis added) in Ronald Rotunda, "Federalism and Separation of Powers: Holding Enemy Combatants in the Wake of Hamdan", Engage, Vol. 8, Issue 3 (undated).
129 - "The...there." Senate Passes Graham Detainee Plan, Office of Sen. Lindsey Graham, Nov. 10, 2005.
129-130 - "The...inquiry." Senate Passes Graham Detainee Plan, Office of Sen. Lindsey Graham, Nov. 10, 2005.
130 - "Without...Gitmo." "Graham Amendment Reforms and Strengthens Guantanamo Bay to Make it More Effective in the War on Terror", Office of Sen. Lindsey Graham, Oct. 6, 2005.
130-131 - Interrogation statistics from Senator Lieberman are cited in War By Other Means, p. 195.
131 - "resist...temptation." Wilde, Oscar, Lady Windermere's Fan, Act II (1982).
131 - "a...rebuke." Yoo, John, "Sending a Message," OpinionJournal.com (Oct. 19, 2006).
132 - "I...us." Stephen F. Hayes, "The Cheney Imperative", Opinion Journal (8/15/07).
133 - The Auschwitz example from Benjamin Wittes comes from his article, "Terrorism, the Military, and the Courts", RealClearPolitics, 6/29/07. The author offers no parallel for the Saudi Arabia role; post-World War II Russia would have fit the bill.
133 - "[They]...cracked." Kaplan, Robert D., Imperial Grunts, p. 145 (Vintage Books 2005).
134 - "America...won." "Moussaoui Evades Death, Receives Life in Prison," Fox News, May 3, 2006).
135 - "could...unconstitutional." War by Other Means, p. 185.
136- "Many...choice." Goldsmith, Jack, The Terror Presidency, p. 69 (2007). (Emphases added.)
136 - "The...prevention." Id., p. 90.
136 - The legal scholar who warned of Presidential liability under Geneva is University of Virginia Law professor Robert F. Turner, in Kelley, P.X. and Turner, Robert F., "War Crimes and the White House", Washington Post (online ed. 9/27/07).
137 - "The...pact." Terminiello v. Chicago, 337 U.S. 1 (1949).
137 - "The...war." Not a Suicide Pact, p.158.
138 - Re the maxim widely attributed to Georges Clemenceau, according to the online encyclopedia, Wikipedia, Clemenceau actually said, "La guerre! C'est une chose trop grave pour la confier a des militaires." Wiki translates this as: "War is too serious a matter to entrust to military men." A variant translation Wiki offers is: "War is too important a matter to be left to the military." As quoted in Soixante Annees d'Histoire Francaise (1932) by Georges Suarez. Another variant Wiki offers is: "War is too serious a matter to leave to soldiers." As quoted in Clemenceau and the Third Republic (1946) by John Hampden Jackson, p. 228; this has also become commonly paraphrased as: "War is too important to be left to the generals." Neither Bartlett's Dictionary of Quotations, nor H. L. Mencken's A New Dictionary of Quotations contains a source for Clemenceau on this subject.

The Vote Values War (Pages 137 - 168)
139 - "The...us." The UN and Beyond (2006).
139 - "[N]o...make." Kirkpatrick, Jeane, Making War to Keep Peace, p. 109 (2006).
140 - "The...elections." Agresto, John, Mugged By Reality (2007).
140 - "Absolutely...houses." Id., pp. 51-52.
141 - "If...majority." Id., p. 107.
141 - "they're...that." Id., p. 107.
144 - US embassy personnel in Iraq, statistics from "The Iraq Study Group Report," p. 92 (2006).
144-145 - Re Defense Department position on public justification for the Iraq War, source: Interview with then-Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz May 9, 2003, published in the July 2003 Vanity Fair.
145 - "We...wrong." Testimony of David Kay, chief weapons inspector of the Iraq Survey Group, Senate Armed Services Committee, Jan. 28, 2004. His full quote: "It turns out that we were all wrong, probably in my judgment, and that is most disturbing." Earlier in his testimony he said: "Let me begin by saying, we were almost all wrong, and I certainly include myself here." (CNN Online Transcript.)
145 - Re 6 of 90 Senators actually reading the summary intelligence assessment on Iraqi WMD, source: Parker, Kathleen, "'Bush's War' is Clinton's Rewrite", RealClearPolitics (6/6/07). Her information came from Senator John D. Rockefeller IV (D-WV), ranking majority member of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.
147 - "I...process." Interview, Jerusalem Post (online ed. 9/2/07).
148 - Sharansky's explanation on societies and democracy is found in his book, "The Case for Democracy", pp. 40-47 (2004).
148-149 - Kilcullen's views are set forth in "Understanding Current Operations in Iraq", Small Wars Journal: SWJ Blog (6/26/07), and in "Anatomy of a Tribal Revolt," Small Wars Journal: SWJ Blog (undated).
150 - Cordesman's views, and his supporting statistics, are set forth in "The Tenuous Case for Strategic Patience in Iraq", Georgetown Center for Strategic and International Studies (working draft: update August 6, 2007).
151 - "Iraq's...A.T.M." "The Kurdish Secret", The New York Times (online ed. 9/2/07).
151 - "You've...Israel." Quoted by author and talk-radio host William Bennett in the Corner on NRO (8/23/07).
152 - "the...agents"..."[The Americans...outlet." Quoted in "History Offers Lessons on Iraq", Address by President George W. Bush to the Veterans of Foreign Wars National Convention, Aug. 22, 2007.
152 - "I...it." Quoted in Joscelyn, Thomas, "Iraq is the Central Front", The Weekly Standard (online ed. 7/24/07).
152 - "If...home." "Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States", p. 367 (2004).
153 - "We...not." Krauthammer, Charles, "Hezbollah's 'Victory'," Washington Post, p. A21, Sept. 1, 2006.
155 - Palestinian aid statistics come from Ya'alon, Moshe, "Misinterpreting the Mideast", Los Angeles Times (online ed. 8/26/07), and Frum, David, "Hamas Wants War", National Post (Canada), May 19, 2007. Comparison with the Marshall Plan is based on online figures for the 1947 plan, adjusted to constant dollars.
155-156 - President Bush quotations are from his remarks at Cross Hall, July 16, 2007.
156 - The 1996 Palestinian poll and life expectancy figures are from an interview with Itamar Marcus, Jerusalem Post (online ed. 5/23/07). Marcus heads Palestinian Media Watch.
160 - Comparative murder figures for Khost and Detroit come from Marlowe, Ann, "On the Road to Jalalabad", Opinion Journal (8/13/07).
160 - "I...fulfilled." Quoted in Donnelly, Thomas, "Legacy Agenda: The Future of the Bush Doctrine: Part I", p. 2, American Enterprise Institute (online ed. 2/13/07).
166 - The State Department quotations come from "As Democracy Push Falters, Bush Feels Like a 'Dissident'", Washington Post (online ed. 8/20/07).
166-167 - Fukuyama's analysis of trust and culture are in "Big Business Will Pacify the Clash of Cultures", The Sunday Times (online ed. 8/12/07). An especially compelling discussion of the role varying levels of trust play in societal success or failure is found in Fukuyama's Trust (1996).
169 - Ajami, Fouad, "Back to the Future," US News & World Report, p. 47 (Dec. 4, 2006).
169 - "A...neighbors." Quoted in Sharansky, Natan, The Case for Democracy, p. 3 (2004).
169 - "Freedom's...you." Id., p. 74.
170 - "The...world." Kissinger, Henry A., "The Disaster of Hasty Withdrawal," Washington Post (Sept. 16, 2007).

Resource Challenges (Pages 169 - 196)
171 - "The...destruction." p. ix.
172 - Source for asset figures: John Rutledge, Rutledge Capital, 2006.
173 - "The...unravel." "No Choice: Stay the Course in Iraq", Los Angeles Times (online ed. 4/3/07).
174 - "Our...commitment." Quoted in Cohen, Roger, "A U.S. General's Disquiet", New York Times (online ed. 9/10/07).
178 - "a...sky." "A Maginot Line in the Sky: Beat Our Satellites, Beat America," New York Post (online ed. 10/26/07).
183 - Details as to how the radicals are using the Internet more effectively than our own government are provided in a November 1, 2006 study: Jialun Qin, Yilu Zhou, Edna Reid, Guanpi Lai & Hsinchun Chen, "Analyzing Terror Campaigns on the Internet: Technical Sophistication, Content Richness, and Web Interactivity", Science Direct, International Journal Human-Computer Studies 65, 71-84 (2007).
187 - The Bottomless Well: The Twilight of Fuel, The Virtue of Waste and Why We Will Never Run Out of Energy (2005).
189 - On relative odds of dying from automobile accident and nuclear accident, see White, R. Stephen, "Know Nukes", Los Angeles Times (online ed. 8/27/07).
189 - Chernobyl statistics source: Finn, Peter, "Chernobyl's Harm Was Far Less Than Predicted, UN Report Says", Washington Post (online ed. 9/6/05).
191-192 - "The...motives." Smith, Jack, The Terror Presidency, p. 81, quoting a Letter from Thomas Jefferson to John B. Colvin (Sept. 20, 1810).
199 - President Bush's May 9, 2007 directive is National Security Presidential Directive NSPD 51.

The Short War (Pages 197 - 230)
199 - "Appeasement...race. See p. 3.
199 - "Diplomacy...instruments." Attributed unsourced maxim.
200 - "The...operations." "Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States", pp. 60-61 (2004).
200 - "strong evidence" & "remarkable coincidence," Id., p. 241.
203 - Caloric data for Guantanamo detainees comes from "Inside the New Camp X-Ray", Daily Mirror (online ed. 9/9/02). Caloric standards data is from the calories per day calculator at Shapefit website.
204 - "European...listener." Berlinski, Claire, Menace in Europe, p. 244 (2006)
204 - "The...Americans." Dowd, Alan W., "Forever at the Crossroads", Weekly Standard (online ed. 10/5/07).
206 - "Planet President." Author's recollection of remarks by Ambassador Bolton at a September 11, 2006 conference on the United Nations sponsored by Hudson Institute. Bolton's quip does not appear in the written conference materials.
207 - The UN Bottom 48 budget share figure is from Schaefer, Brett D., "A Progress Report on U.N. Reform", Heritage Foundation, Backgrounder #1937 (May 19, 2006). The UN Bottom 128 budget share figure is from The UN and Beyond: United Democratic Nations, p. 83 (Hudson Institute 2007). (This book is the written versions of the presentations at Hudson's September 11, 2006 UN conference.
210 - "To...war." Remarks at a White House luncheon, June 26, 1954.
212 - The author, who spent 1982 on Capitol Hill (on loan to the Senate Budget Committee staff), heard the Senator's statement live during a 1982 Senate debate on the Polish debt crisis.
214 - "If...rewarded." Quoted in "Rice Calls North Korean Deal 'Important First Step'," CNN.com (Feb. 13, 2007).
215 - For the three Iranian quotes in the first full paragraph, source: Dershowitz, Alan, "Hezbollah's goal: 'Going After [the Jews] Worldwide,'" The Huffington Post, 8/10/06.
217 - The line is from a 1950s nuclear public-safety film. A 1982 film, Atomic Cafe, lampooned civil defense efforts.
218 - "Soviet spending has shown no response to U.S. restraint--when we build they build; when we cut they build." Statement before a joint meeting of the House and Senate Budget Committees in early 1979 regarding the fiscal 1980 budget..
218 - "In...examination." Stephens, Bret, "Paging Dr. Strangelove," Wall Street Journal, page A17, Oct. 15, 2006.
219 - "Arsenals...secure." "The End of Deterrence: A Nuclear Iran Will Change Everything", The Weekly Standard (online ed., 1/11/07).
222 - The House report discussing Iran: Staff Report from the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (August 23, 2006).
224 - "A Different Face of Iran: Despite the Politics, an American Finds Hope in a Forbidden Land," The Washington Post, p. P01 (September 3, 2006).
224 - "America...them." Quoted in Glick, Caroline, "The Rise of the fantasists," Jewish World Review (online ed. 8/24/06).
224-225 - "They...Iran." "A Different Face of Iran: Despite the Politics, an American Finds Hope in a Forbidden Land," The Washington Post, p. P01 (September 3, 2006).
229 - "Bush...act?" Ledeen, Michael A., The Iranian Time Bomb, p. 217(2007).

Lessons Learned Since 9/11 (Pages 231 - 239)
No references.